Plastic has become an inseparable part of our lives. So much so that even the food we are eating, the air we are breathing and the water we are drinking has plastic in them. About 300 million tonnes (300000000000 Kg) of plastic is produced in a year. Only about 10% or less of the plastic is recycled. About 8 million tonnes is dumped into the oceans every year and a lot more is dumped into landfills. The plastic fragments that are smaller than 5mm are called the microplastics. There are many steps that can help reduce our exposure, and that of our future generations, to microplastics.
In popular perception, micro organisms, especially bacteria and viruses, are often linked to disease. This kind of perception is definitely not without a reason. Pathogenic agents have been responsible for so many deaths over the years that diseases like the plague have shaped the course of human history. But do you know microbes are actually necessary for us to stay healthy, that there are 100 times more microbial genes in our body than our own? Do you know what happens when the microbial population in our body is disturbed by for example, use of antibiotics?
Coffee is among the most consumed beverages in the world, probably only next to tea. For millions of people around the world, their day begins with a cup of coffee. It is supposed to help people get over their morning blues and wake them up completely. It is also supposed to make you feel less tired at the end of a long work day. So, how does coffee work? Does it really wake us up or make us feel energized? What else does it do?